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第二版新视野大学英语第四册课后习题答案
2012-11-30 14:54   审核人:

新视野大学英语(第二版)第四册Unit 1

III.

1. idle 2. justify 3. discount 4. distinct 5. minute

6.accused 7. object 8. contaminate 9. sustain 10. worship

IV.

1. accusing... of 2. end up 3. came upon 4. at her worst 5. pay for

6. run a risk of 7. participate in 8. other than 9. object to/objected 10. at best

V

1. K 2. G 3. C 4. E 5. N 6.O 7.I 8. L 9. A 10. D

Collocation

VI.

1. delay 2. pain 3. hardship 4. suffering 5. fever

6. defeat 7. poverty 8. treatment 9. noise 10. agony

Word building

VII.

1. justify 2. glorify 3. exemplifies 4. classified

5. purified 6. intensify 7. identify 8. terrified

VIII.

1. bravery 2. jewelry 3. delivery 4. machinery

5. robbery 6. nursery 7. scenery 8. discovery

Sentence Structure

IX.

1. other than for funerals and weddings

2. other than to live an independent life

3. other than that they appealed to his eye . . `

4. but other than that, he'll eat just about everything .

5. other than that it's somewhere in the town center

X.

1. shouldn't have been to the cinema last night

2. would have; told him the answer

3. they needn't have gone at all

4. must have had too much work to do

5. might have been injured seriously

Translation

XI. -

1. The plant does not grow well in soils other than the one in which it has been

developed.

2. Research findings show that we spend about two hours dreaming every night, no

matter what we

may have done during the day.

3.Some people tend to justify their failure by blaming others for not trying their best.

4.We remain tree to our commitment: Whatever we promised to do; we would do it.

5.Even Beethoven's father discounted the possibility that his son would one day become

the greatest musician in the world. The same is true of Edison, who seemed to his

teacher to be quite dull.

6. They were accused by authorities of threatening the state security.

XII.

l.出入除自己家以外的任何场所时,如果你带有宠物,一定要了解有关宠物的规定。

2 一些女性完全可以不待在家里,而是去工作,挣一份不错的工资。但是为了家庭,她

们放弃

了工作。

3.你怎么为这样粗鲁的行为辩护?你将会为此付出沉重的代价,因为他们己经以低毁名

誉的罪

名起诉你了。

4.批评有其重要作用;我们可能当时不喜欢它,但是它能激励我们去做更伟大的事情。

5.他毫不让步的行为遭到公众的反对,这使得他陷人了精神上崩溃、经济上破产的境地。

6.即使你失败了,也不要被失败伤害,更不要被失败左右。记住:失败是学习过程中

必要的一

步;它不是学习、的结束,而是学习的开始。

Cloze

XIII.

1 .B 2.A 3.C 4.D 5. B 6.A 7.B 8.A 9. C 10.A

II.D 12.C 13. D 14.A 15. C 16.D 17.B 18.C I9. A 20.D

Section B

Reading Skills.

I.

1. I was a black and was looked down on because of the ugly shadow of racism in 1976.

2. It means that the man was different from others for he was honest and paid debts.

3. The farmer's attitude toward me changed when he learned that I was the son of an

honest man who

was different from other blacks.

4. Because American social morality has changed for the worse.

5. Because people believe in honesty and this helps me in my life.

Comprehension o f the Text

II.

1.F 2.T 3.F 4.T 5.T 6.T 7.F 8.T

Vocabulary

1 . melted 2. restore 3. initiative 4. obligation, 5. induce

6. lest 7. relief 8. furnish 9. enquire 10. meanwhile

Exercises on Web course only:

11. deposit 12: intent 13. behave 14.amused 15. glue

IV

1. kept his word 2: shrugged off 3. melted away 4. enquire into 5. cool off

6. pave the way for 7. hold up 8. fall apart 9. wipe away 10. on credit

新视野大学英语(第二版)第四册Unit 2

Section A

Comprehension o f the text

1. He lived a poor and miserable life during his childhood.

2. Because no one in Britain appeared to appreciate his talent for comedy. His comic

figures did not

conform to British standards.

3. Because his dress and behavior didn't seem that English.

4. It was the first movie in which Chaplin spoke.

5. He used his physical senses to invent his art as he went along without a prepared

script.

6. His transformation of lifeless objects into other kinds of objects, plus the skill with

which he

executed it again and again.

7. She brought stability and happiness to him and became a center of calm in his family.

8. Comic.

Vocabulary

III.

1. coarse 2. betrayed 3. incident 4. postponed 5. execute

6. surrounding 7. applause 8. extraordinary 9. clumsy 10. sparked

IV.

1. for 2. against 3. up 4. about 5. up

6. to 7. down 8. down 9. in 10. on

V.

l. I 2.J 3.B 4.D 5.E 6.G 7.F 8.L 9.N 10.A

Collocation<br />VI.

1. service 2. help/hand 3. influence 4. guarantee 5. visit

6. span . 7. welcome 8. spirit 9. duties 10. buildings

Word Building

VII.

1. artist 2. terrorist 3. novelist 4. activists

5. biologists 6. idealist 7. capitalists 8. tourist

VIII.

1. terrorism 2. industrialism 3. realism 4. idealism

5. criticism 6. heroism 7. racism 8. Modernism

sentence structure

IX

1. If I had known that you were coming, I would have met you at the airport.

2. If he had tried to leave the country, he would have been stopped at the border.

3. If we had found him earlier, we could have saved his life.

4. If I had caught that plane, I would have been killed in the air crash.

5. If he had been in good health, he could have written many books.

X.

1. it is a wonder to find

2. It is a surprise for us to find

3. it is a waste of time to argue with him

4. It's a comfort to know

5. It is a relief for us to learn

XI

1. If the characters in this comedy had been more humorous, it would have attracted a

larger audience.

2. She has never lost faith in her own ability, so it is a possibility for her to become a

successful actress.

3. I never had formal training, I just learned as I went along.

4. As their products find their way into the international market, their brand is gaining

in popularity.

5. She could make up a story by saying she was knocked unconscious by thieves and that

all her

money was gone, but she doubted whether she could make it sound believable.

6. No one was certain whether he postponed the visit on purpose, but this brought more

criticism of him.

XII

1 .If the characters in this comedy had been more humorous,it would have attracted a

larger audience.‘

2. She has never lost faith in her own ability, so it is a possibility for her to become a

successful actress.

3 .I never had formal training,I just learned as I went along·

4. As their products find their way into the international market,their brand is gaining

in popularity.

5 .She could make up a story by saying she was knocked unconscious by thieves and

that all her

money was gone,but she doubted whether she could make it sound believable.

6 .No one was certain whether he postponed the visit on purpose, but this brought

more criticism of him.

XII.

1.如果没有查理·卓别林,世界电影史就会不一样了。

2.令人感到宽慰的是,他的努力最终给予了他长期渴望的结果—他成功地发现了这种疾

病的原因。

3.查理·卓别林是最伟大、最广受热爱的电影明星之一。从《流浪汉》到《摩登时代》,

他拍

摄了许多他那个时代最有趣、最受欢迎的电影。他最出名的是他扮演的一个人物—年轻

爱的小流浪汉。

4.卓别林是一个才能非凡的人:自他1914 年第一次在电影中出现,两年时间内他就成

了这个国

家最有名的人物之一。

5.查理·卓别林对20 世纪初期每个人的生活都产生了影响。与有史以来的任何人相比,

他让更

多的人欢笑,改变了人们看待这个世界的方式。

6. 1977 年,查理·卓别林在圣诞节那天去世了,身后留下了悲伤的家人和朋友,以及

全世界数

以百万计的影迷。

Cloze

XIII.

1 .C 2. B 3.C 4.B 5.A 6. C 7. D 8. A 9. D 10. C

11 .D 12. A 13.A 14.C 15.B 16. D 17.A 18.C 19. B 20. A

Structured Writing

XV.

Charlie Chaplin is a great comic for his native land Britain, but even more so for the

world. On the

stage he often wore tiny moustaches, huge pants and tailcoats that were perhaps more

characteristic of

Europeans and may be not much of the British. Since more than half of the roles Chaplin

played were

in silent films, people throughout the world had no difficulty understanding his films.

With sound

movies, Chaplin created a nonsense language that sounded like no known nationality

and was accepted

and appreciated by people all over the world. For most of his lifetime he did not stay in

his mother

country; he traveled throughout the world to appear on stage for people of different

nationalities.

SECTION B

I.

1. F. It is basically a fact though the sentence contains some words for opinions.

Words representing opinions: a most revolutionary thing

Words representing facts: six months ago; ran for mayor of Embu, Kenya, and won

2. F? It is basically a fact though the sentence contains some words for opinions.

Words representing opinions: even more surprising

Words representing facts: was voted in by her colleagues on the District Council, all men

3. O. It is basically an opinion though the sentence contains some words for facts.

Words representing opinions: suddenly became a symbol of the increasingly powerful

political force

Words representing facts: thousands of women in this farming area two hours northeast

of Nairobi

4. F. It is basically a fact though the sentence contains some words for opinions.

Words representing opinions: many women had not been taught the basics of political

participation

Words representing facts: One veteran female political activist said

What the veteran female political activist said was a fact. So the sentence is basically

factual.

5. O. It is basically an opinion though the sentence contains some words for facts.

Words representing opinions: not a new phenomenon

Words representing facts: political activity among Kenyan women

Comprehension of the 5-ext

II.

1.T 2.F 3.F 4.T 5.F 6.T 7.F 8.T

Vocabulary

III.

1. fierce 2. launched 3. colleagues 4. illegal 5. funded

6. jealous 7. refresh 8. substantial 9. sow 10. ridiculous

IV.

1. Could we take a walk? I feel like a little exercise.

2. Ms. Mbogo had made a bold decision: to run for mayor of Embu, Kenya.

3. Some leaders in Kenya were afraid of losing their power, so they tried everything to

shut' Kenyan

women out of politics.

4. She decided long ago that she would study the subject in earnest as soon as she left

school.

5. He was arrested because he was paid to spy on our air bases.

6. After almost four hours of fierce negotiation, the President had the upper hand.

7. Victims of traffic accidents make up almost a quarter of the hospital's patients.

8. Ms. Mbogo's victory was important because all her male colleagues voted her in.

9. Two young men were originally hired to watch over the house as it was being built.

10. It is reported that government troops tried to break up the protest by firing their

guns in the air. style="miter">

新视野大学英语(第二版)第四册Unit 3

Section A

Vocabulary

III.

1. raw 2. convicted 3. compensation 4. notify 5. provisions

6. receipt 7. paste 8. altered 9. thrive 10. certify

Exercises on Web course only:

11. donation 12. roast 13. rent 14. champion 15. temptation

IV

1. up 2. to 3. down 4. of 5. out

6. into 7. for 8. on 9. through 10. of

V.

1. M 2. E 3. G 4. A 5. H 6. C 7.1 8. K 9.0 10. D

Collocation

VI.

1. respect 2. degree 3. money 4. living 5. praise

6. place 7. success 8. scholarship 9. job 10. reputation

Word Building

VII.

1. longish 2. animal-like 3. selfish 4. honey-like

5. ball-like 6. boyish 7. yellowish 8. bookish

VIII.

1. politicians 2. technician 3. comedian 4. musicians

5. physicians 6. electricians 7. beautician 8. magician

sentence structure

IX.

1. The wanted man is believed to be living in New York.

2. Many people are said to be homeless after the floods.

3. Three men are said to have been arrested after the explosion.

4. The prisoner is thought to have escaped by climbing over the wall.

5. Four people are reported to have been seriously injured in the accident.

X.

1. He tried sending her flowers, but it didn't have any effect.

2. I don't regret telling her what I thought, even if I upset her.

3. The window was broken because I forgot to close it when I left.

4. We regret to inform you that the materials you ordered are out of stock.

5. He welcomed the new student and then went on to explain the college regulations.

Translation

XI.

1. Seven or eight officials are reported to have taken bribes and the mayor has decided

to look into the

affair in person.

2. These workers regret yielding to the management's advice and going back to work.

Now they are

again faced with the threat of losing their jobs.

3. You only need to fill out a form to get your membership, which entitles you to a

discount on goods.

4. Their car broke down halfway for no reason. As a result they arrived three hours later

than they had

planned.

5. The official got involved in a scandal and was forced to resign weeks later.

6. The man living on welfare began to build up his own market, one step at a time and

his business is

thriving.

XII

1.据报道这个男子曾在私下说:“许多救济对象在欺骗我们,因此,作为补偿,我们有

权让他们对我们点头哈腰。

2.我们考虑了你的背景与经历,很遗憾地告诉你,我们目前没有适合你的工作机会。

3.我没能按奥斯卡的暗示去做,相反,我反驳了那个妇女,结果她竟然是我们的新经理。

4.需要有人来充当穷人权利的捍卫者,因为这一体制太容易被滥用。

5.我的车子在高速公路上抛锚后,我打电话向警察求助,20 分钟后他们赶来帮我。

6.他热爱艺术,却经受了巨大的痛苦—贫穷与误解。

close

XIII.

1 .B 2. C 3. A 4. D 5.B 6. A 7. D 8. C 9. A 10. B

11 .D 12.A 13.C 14.B 15.D 16.B 17.C 18.A 19:D 20.B

structured Writing

XV

It is difficult to get a welfare client’s wheelchair repaired.Once my wheelchair needed

repairing,

and I notified my caseworker. She gave me a lecture that I hadn’t taken good care of my

wheelchair.

Then she told me that I must have the patience to wait until she had the time to report

my wheelchair

conditions to my medical worker. Then the medical worker called the wheelchair repair

companies

to get the cheapest bid and informed the main welfare office at the state capital.It took

them another

several days to consider the matter. When they finally got my wheelchair repaired,I had

been confined

to bed for more than half a month.

Section B

Reading Skills

I.

1. "The stacks of paper" is being personified as someone who can bear witness to

something.

2. "Western ears" symbolize people from Western countries.

3. "A gallery of human faces" symbolizes a gathering of people of different origins.

4. As we know a portrait does not have life. It is in a figurative way to say "a living

portrait".

5. The word "like" tells us that this part is a simile, comparing hats to small crowns.

6. "Two tiny birds" are clearly a metaphor for the girl's two small hands, showing that it

was with

loving care that the blind man held the girl's hands.

Comprehension of the Text

II.

1. The stacks of paper bore witness to a huge amount of work waiting to be done, even

though I had

been working seven days a week.

2. I remember feeling annoyed at this dense collection of humanity.

3. Then the truth struck me. He was blind.

4. As we waited for our drinks, the blind man said, "The music seems out of tune to our

Western ears,

but it has charm."

5. They are motionless, waiting for the performance to start.

6. The first performance ended just as we finished dessert, and I excused myself and

went to talk to

the theater manager.

7. A few minutes later he was standing next to one of the dancers, her little crowned

head hardly

reaching his chest.

8. About a week after our trip, the chairman told me the Chinese executive had called to

express great

satisfaction with the trip.

Vocubulary III.

1. skimmed 2. steer 3. chartered 4. angle 5. veil

6. magic 7. realm 8. annoy 9. dense 10. highlighted

IV.

1. Many of these poems bear witness to his years spent in India, England, and China.

2. The other players in the team are better than me, but I'm slowly catching up.

3. 1 was loaded with many parcels, unable to walk any faster.

4. The place was deserted and there was no sign of human beings living there.

5. These instruments should be switched on and checked before we start our work.

6. My friend was dressed in a black coat whereas I was in jeans.

7. All those connected with the mission were in prayer for her, but her life was not

spared.

8. May I excuse myself for a while, Mr. Davis?

9. Have you ever noticed that at yesterday's concert one of the violinists was out of tune?

10. All too soon it was over and we left feeling we had just skimmed the surface of this

fascinating

topic.

新视野大学英语(第二版)第四册Unit 4

Section A

Vocabulary

III.

1. investment 2. disposal 3. condensed 4. strategic 5. revenue

6. scratch 7. utilities 8. invested 9. nowhere 10. transmission

IV.

1. is lagging far behind 2. are stuck with 3. going for 4. remain in contact

5. keep pace with 6. at your disposal 7. dates from 8. scratched the surface of

9. stuck in 10. choose between

V.

1.L 2.N 3.D 4.E 5.H 6.1 7.F 8.0 9.1 10.B

Collocation

VI.

1. exchange 2. growth 3. opportunities 4. understanding 5. benefits

6. peace 7. development 8. career 9. will 10. status

Word Building

VII.

1. superpower 2. superabundant 3. supermarket 4. super-speed

5. supercomputer 6. superman 7. superstar 8. super-efficient

VIII.

1. auto-timer 2. auto-focus 3. autograph 4. auto-reverse

5. autobiography 6. automakers 7. autoloading 8. autocriticism

sentence structure

IX

1. Concentrate on indoor delights rather than outdoor fights and you'll be much better

appreciated.

2. As a result of the development of computer technology many people may eventually

be able to

work at home rather than go to the office.

3. Some people say that the pupils' achievements this term will be measured by a formal

test rather

than their teacher's assessment.

4. They argued that their products should be developed on the basis of need rather than

profit.

5. During weekends the businessmen may spend time establishing friendship and

mutual trust rather

than discussing any particular item of business.

X.

1. Petrol now is twice as expensive as it was a few years ago.

2. Theirs is about three times as big as ours.

3. Latin American customers talk two to four times as long on the phone as people in

North America.

4. the fee for cell phones is typically twice as much as for calls made over fixed lines

5. can transmit 250,000 times as much data as a standard telephone wire

Translation

XI.

1. Rather than invest in my education, my parents spent their money on a new house.

2. Today, people are spending twice as much on entertainment and relaxation as they

did in the past.

3. In order to be successful, a business must keep pace with developments in the

marketplace.

4. Her fluency in English gave her an advantage over other girls for the job.

5. For students, nowhere is better than the library, where all the books are at their

disposal.

6. We should make full use of the platform to strengthen communication, expand

cooperation in more

areas and seek further development through joint efforts.

XII.

1,发展中国家认为信息技术是促进经济发展的途径,但一些国家在估算成本与选择技

术方面缺乏经验。

2.据说地球拥有的地下水量大约是其拥有的河流和湖泊水量的三千倍,而且地下水要干

净得多。

3.任何人都能照出好照片—问题只是你是否在合适的时间和地点。

4.通过在他们的学校和图书馆安装计算机,这些社区的领导们表明他们决心不在技术上

落后。

5.当他开始创办这家公司时,他想他将能在市场上与那些顶级公司并驾齐驱,可是他现

在失望

了,因为他没有成功。

6.佛罗里达的一对夫妇在建造一座他们称之为未来之家的房子,它既能抵御咫风,又与

周围环

境十分协调。

Cloze

XIII.

1 .C 2. D 3. A 4. B 5. B 6. C 7. D 8. B 9. C 10. D

11.A 12.C 13.B 14.D 15.C 16.D 17.B 18.A 19.C 20.C

Structured Writing

XV.

Compare the new welfare system with the old one and you would find a world of

difference between

the two. Under the new welfare system, the law encourages welfare clients to work on

their own for a

gradual shift away from welfare, and this is not the case in the past. Welfare clients now

can develop

their talents to make money. In the past, they often cheated to bleed the system for a few

extra dollars.

Now caseworkers will gladly help their clients find appropriate jobs rather than act like

detectives to

try to seek out any unreported properties. Today many welfare clients have made a

choice to live a life

of complete honesty and they tell the truth to caseworkers and declare any extra income

they make.

In cases like this, caseworkers will feel greatly relieved because they don't need to

search for any

cheating as in the past.

Section B

Readinq Skills

I.

1. Your home computer or TV can provide whatever you need whenever you like.

2. You can learn language easily via computer over distance.

3. Poor people must also have access to high technology as it is essential for their

education, work and

daily lives.

4. Some companies provide the technology of information highway to the rich first as

that is business.

5. Advocates of universal access have already launched a number of projects of their

own for the poor.

Comprehension o f the text

II.

1.F 2.F 3.T 4.T 5.F 6.T 7.T 8.T

Vocabulary

III.

1. transmit 2. insure 3. crucial 4. feedback 5. correspondence

6. specialized 7. tutor 8. hence 9. portion 10. files

Exercises on Web course only:

11. format/file 12. dose 13. terminal 14. correspondent

IV.

1. differ on 2. refer to 3. Compared to 4. specialize in

5. make routine 6. come up with 7. has access to 8. Some steps should be taken

9. signed up for 10. in the hands of

新视野大学英语(第二版)第四册Unit 5

Section A

Comprehension o f the text

I.

1. Because 22 million people live alone, which suggests that it is an overwhelming

phenomenon in the

United States.

2. Because they can find inspiration in solitude.

3. The more positive one is toward oneself, the less the need for staying with others.

4. It depends. If they live with their friends, the friends' temporary leaving will be

received as a

welcome change. However, if they live alone, the temporary absence of friends may

leave them

with a feeling of emptiness.

5. Because the need to talk is the most basic need of a solitary person.

6. They may call friends to tell them important things, or talk to themselves, their pets,

the television,

or even to strangers.

7. To stay rational, settle down in a comfortable way and find pleasure from the current

life,. wait for

anything happy that may happen.

8. The writer thinks that as ordinary people's solitary life differs from that of great

minds (like poets

and philosophers), they should cherish the thought that "since we are here, we may as

well accept it

and make the best of it".

Vocabulary

III.

1. humble 2. slippery 3. tame 4. inspiration 5. crept

6. apology 7. observation 8. dictate 9. inadequate 10. solitary

Exercises on Web course only:

1l. choked 12. waterproof 13. poetry 14. commodity

IV

1. cast out 2. all by himself 3. stay up late 4. was fond of 5. at one sitting

6. filled up with 7. speaks highly of 8. set forth 9. at length 10. for the time being

V.

1.K 2.H 3.M 4.B 5.A 6.0 7.J 8.D 9.F 10.1

Collocation

VI.

1. efficiency 2. status 3. performance 4. standard 5. coordination

6. sense 7. career 8. quality 9. supply 10. accuracy

Word Cjuifdin8

VIl.

1. underestimated 2. underpaid 3. overslept 4. Underdeveloped

5. overestimated 6. overcharged 7. underweight 8. overloaded

VIll.

1. simplified 2. electrician 3. recovery 4. childlike

5. autobiography 6. underline 7. terrorist 8. overreact

sentence structure

IX.

1. The distance between them is not so great as to be unbridgeable.

2. The unity of the masses with the party is never so strong as it is now.

3. The punishment was harsh because Maggie would lose her position, but it was not so

bad as losing

her pay.

4. I've heard the terrible noise once or twice before, but never so loud as this one.

5. Men are never so peaceful, so graceful with each other as they are now.

X.

1. You might as well go there to see whether there is the information you need.

2. We might as well call it freedom.

3.You might as well ring and tell them you're going to visit them.

4. We might as well walk home.

5. We might as well find an easier one to read.

Translation

XI.

1. This little man is not so innocent as he appears.

2. There's nothing I can do about the problem, so you might as well turn to Professor

Wang for help.

3. Both sides speak highly of the fruits in their cooperation in different areas, and hope

that the

cooperation can be furthered.

4. On the one hand, an image of being close to the people can get a new policy more

easily accepted.

On the other hand, it will "encourage people to speak their minds and come up with

constructive

suggestions".

5. His sense of loneliness rose and fell and he sometimes would talk at length to himself

and his pets

and the television.

6. After all, money is not everything. The richest people are not necessarily the happiest.

XII

1.新的机制并不像他们预期的那样有效,因为数月过去了,但管理效率并没有明显改进。

2.我不想不必要地吓唬你,可你最好还是面对事实,看看一些数字吧。

3.孤独的特点是一种与世隔绝感,而独居则是独自一人却不感到寂寞的状态,它能引发

自我

意识。

4.孤独是一种消极的状态,你会感到失去了某种东西。你可能与别人在一起仍然感到孤

独—

这也许是孤独最痛苦的形式。

5.独居是一种与自我相约的积极的状态。独居是值得向往的,是独自一人、享受自我愉

快而又

充实的陪伴的一种状态。

6.梭罗说,一个人即使身处同伴之中,如果不对他们敞开心扉,仍会感到孤独。

Cloze

XIII.

1 .B 2.D 3.A 4.B 5.C 6.C 7.D 8.D 9. B 10. A

11 .C 12. B 13.A 14.C 15.D 16.B 17.C 18.A 19.D 20.C

Structured Writing

XV. Some people prefer to live alone whereas some others have to live alone for one

reason or another.

Those people believing in inspirational solitude argue that no companion is more

companionable than

solitude. Literary giants such as William Wordsworth, John Milton and Henry Thoreau

enjoyed living

alone on purpose. Hunters or explorers enjoy themselves as they venture out to tame

the great wild

areas. On the other hand, there are some other people who have to live alone due to

various reasons:

being divorced, widowed or never married. Many of them feel bitter to live in solitude.

They have no

one to talk to and as a result they talk at length to themselves and to their pets and to

the television.

Section B

Reading skills

1.A 2.C 3.B 4.C

Comprehension o f the text

II.1.F 2.T 3.T 4.F 5.F 6.T 7.T 8.F

Vocabulary

III.

1. abstract 2. holy 3. Nevertheless 4. odds 5. complicate

6. tolerate 7. depression 8. resorting 9. exclaimed 10. disorder

Exercises on Web course only:

11. chew 12. vibrate 13. stale 14. jury

IV

1. When he received the admission notice from the university, he knew it was time he

struck out on his own.

2. I had to keep the video camera readily accessible in case I saw something that needed

to be filmed.

3. Every time she tried to argue with her identical twin Katie, she would end up crying

her eyes out.

4. Serious violence has sprung from the conflict over insignificant, irritating differences.

5. There are many people who believe sincerely that you can train children for life

without resorting

to punishment.

6. Alan signed a dorm contract with his roommate to head off possible conflicts.

7. He was required to fill in a form before the job interview.

8. Her major concern is how she will make sure the people on the teams get along with

one another.

9. Against all the odds, it has worked, and this is a measure of just how strong they both

were as

individuals when they came to the marriage ten years ago.

10. What I'd like to do is to help them to see that they don't need to give up on the

computer, that they

can actually be the master of it.

新视野大学英语(第二版)第四册Unit 6

Section A

vocabulary

III.

1. Substantial 2. concerning 3. negotiation 4. exaggerate 5. withdrawn

6. commissions 7. financed 8. secure 9. impose 10. donation

IV

1. by 2. in 3. of 4. to 5. up

6. on/upon 7. with 8. in 9. in 10. between

V

1.O 2.E 3.G 4.1 5.J 6.B 7.K 8.N 9.M 10.D

Collocation<br />VI.

1. approaches 2. reward 3. protection 4. honor 5. advice

6. access 7. advantages 8. help 9. sympathy 10. understanding

Word Building

VII.

1. foresight 2. forewarned 3. foreground 4. postgraduate

5. post-race 6. foresaw 7. post-Christmas 8. post-election

VIII.

1. e-shopper 2. e-merchant 3. e-journal 4. e-classroom

5. e-commerce 6. e-mail 7. e-dictionaries 8. e-cash

sentence structure

IX.

1. It's pointless to go there next Monday-there's a public holiday.

2. It is easy to talk about having high moral standards, but, in practice, what would one

really do in

such a situation?

3. It is interesting to see different cultures and ways of life.

4. It is really astonishing that she refuses to talk to you.

5. It is important that she come straight to me when she arrives.

X.

1. Suppose you object to carrying out a particular managem_ent order and you are afraid

of the

manager, what would you do?

2. Suppose you have just got married and you are about to work abroad for three years,

how would

you explain it to your newly-married wife?

3. Suppose someone couldn't understand why you didn't arrest Harry, would you

explain to remove

the doubts?

4. Suppose your tenant fails to pay the rent in time, would you throw him out?

5. Suppose you are a very heavy smoker and are anxious to break the habit, where could

you get help?

Translation

XI.

1. Suppose you found out that your colleague takes bribes, would you just ignore it?

2. We've given up on him because he is so stubborn. It is pointless to argue with him.

3. He hit upon a good method to speed up the progress of the experiment, but opinions

differed among

members of the group on it.

4. Today I'm able to square my profession with my interest, which I wasn't able to do

before.

5. The ability to visually distinguish between red and green is essential to becoming a

driver.

6. The team consisted of seven people who met on a regular basis to share their

information with each

other.

XII.

1.假设有人向你行贿,要换取一种承诺,你会怎么做?是接受呢,还是坚持自己的原则?

2.现在人们不会忍受那些糟糕的境况,可是在那些日子里却只能接受那样的现实。

3.大学校园里形形色色的作弊现象越来越多,我已不记得这学期有多少学生因作弊而被

捉住孔

4.当艾奇先生被披露曾受贿时,他不得不退出州长职位的竞争。

5.虽然他原先完全支持改革政策,可后来却开始抨击这场改革运动了。

6.这位教授肯定不会同意翻译基本是在词典里查生词的观点。

Cloze

XIII.

1 .A 2. D 3.C 4.B 5.B 6. D 7.A 8.C 9.C 10.A

11 .B 12.D 13.B 14.A 15.C 16.D 17.B 18.C 19.D 20.B

XV

Typically there are two kinds of people who choose to live alone on purpose. The first

group of people

is artists. They believe in the inspiration in solitude. One of my friends is a writer. He

enjoys the time

when he is alone because he can stay up late to read and, above all, concentrate on his

writing without

fear of being interrupted by others. On his wall he posts a quotation from Thoreau: "I

never found

the companion that was so companionable as solitude." The second group consists of

people who

are disappointed with their marriage or family life. A woman I know has been living

alone since her

husband left her five years ago. She is not waiting for his return but she is just

disappointed with life.

SECTION B

Reading Skills

I.

1. They act out various types of situations to bring the people in the training camp into

some real life

situations.

2. Because the journalists are inexperienced in deciding whom to shoot, whether or not

to shoot and

when to shoot. As a result, they "killed" innocent people because of mistakes of

judgment.

3. They probably don't want to take on more responsibilities.

4. They want armed officers to ensure social security instead of protecting themselves

by carrying guns.

5. The policeman has been so much occupied with some extra duties that they wouldn't

have time

even for answering questions.

Comprehension o f the text

II.

1.F 2.F 3.T 4.F 5.F 6.T 7.F 8.T

Vocabulary

III.

1. tackle 2. imitating 3. dimmed 4. fake 5. impressive

6. encountered 7. ccluivalent 8. widespread 9. priority 10. residents

Exercises on Web court only:

11. temporary 12. apparently 13. innocent 14. prosperous

IV.

1. up 2. away 3. up 4. up 5. up

6. out 7. to 8. on 9. up 10. from

Exercises on Web course only:

11. of 12. of 13. in 14. to

新视野大学英语(第二版)第四册Unit 7

Section A

Vocabulary

III.

1. discounted 2. biased 3. variation 4. potential 5. Confronted

6. migrate 7. descended 8. distinct 9. superficial 10. extensive

IV

1. to date 2. in effect 3. nothing less than 4. As of

5. in combination with 6. In addition to 7. shed new light on 8. is... confined to

9. serve as 10. adapt to

V.

1.K 2.0 3.C 4.F 5.J 6.1 7.G 8.A 9.M 10.E

Collocation<br />VI.

1. awards 2. challenges 3. component 4. advances 5. changes

6. advantage 7. influence 8. effect 9. objective 10. threat

Word Building

VII.

1. privacy 2. intimacy 3. frequency 4. fluency

5. secrecy 6. urgency 7. consistency 8. dependency

VIII.

1. politics 2. classics 3. electronics 4. economics

5. psychology 6. methodology 7. technology 8. biology

sentence structure

IX.

1. Being healthy is more than a question of not being ill.

2. I was more than a little upset at not being invited to the wedding.

3. This story is more than interesting; it is educational as well.

4. Hepworth is more than a filmmaker; he had learnt to find stories that would have

genuine popular

appeal.

5. Compared our achievements today with what we started out to be, it is more than a

miracle brought

about by years of exceptionally hard work.

X.

1. What was needed was nothing less than a new industrial revolution.

2. This is nothing less than a call to restore the vitality of the American Dream.

3. Their dream was nothing less than a revolutionary project to bring computers and

ordinary people

together. ,

4. The experience of sightseeing in the wonderful island is nothing less than exciting and

I am moved

to tears.

5. He was very concerned that she should not be tired or bored; he wanted to make sure

that the

holiday would be nothing less than perfect for her.

Translation

XI.

1. In the process of creating the genetic map, these scientists realized that cooperation

was more than

an attractive option; it was a responsibility.

2. Their research findings were nothing less than a miracle. As a result of their findings,

new light has

been shed on the history of human genes.

3. In fact, only hard work in combination with proper methods will give you an

advantage over others.

4. The judge said the punishment would serve as a warning to others.

5. The risk of infection is confined to those who have close contact with the patients.

6. From such an analysis we are in a better position to understand what has happened

and what to do

about it.

X11.

1.作为一个负责的生产厂家,我们不仅仅关注环境;我们还积极参与环境保护。

2.当然,她最后还是离开,去结婚了,但我敢肯定的是:她对工作尽职尽责,从不允许

自己的

职业重点受到影响。

3.除了学业上的成绩,你迄今为止最大的成就是什么?

4.观察和实验的目的是为了验证或阐明某些理论,只有那些被视为与任务相关的观察才

应该被

记录下来。

5.不管现在身处何地,黑人都是非洲人的后裔,但是数百年来,由于种种原因,他们的

遗传基

因已经变得多样化且非常复杂。

6.实际上,他们都同意这种观点:法律的变化引起了社会本质的变化以及社会中人与人

之间关

系的变化。

Cloze

XIII.

1 .A 2. B 3. C 4. D 5.D 6.C 7.B 8.A 9. D 10. C

11,B 12.A 13.A 14.B 15.D 16.C 17.D 18.B 19.A 20.B

Structured Writing

XV.

Sticking to high moral standards is easier said than done. Once, a young British car sales

manager

who had just finished courses on business ethics was sent to sell cars to an African

country. The

negotiations had been going on for months without any real results.He was at his wits'

end. Finallyxhe

hit upon a solution.One day he bought a popular novel and slipped a check of #20,000

in the book.

Then he presented it to the minister in charge of transportation. This minister examined

its contents,

pretending he didn’t see the check at all.Then he said with a smile:"Young man,I hear

London is at

its best in May.”The sales manager, who was quick-witted, replied: "My company in

London will be

most honored to welcome your visit!”A short time later, the deal was approved in

London!

Section B

Reading Skills

1. The writer holds a doubtful attitude toward this opinion, calling it a popular myth. We

can find the

writer's doubtful attitude in Paragraph 1.

2. They are the supportive style and the stimulating style. We can find the information in

Paragraph 4.

3. Four groups of children: one with supportive parents, one with stimulating parents,

one whose

parents combining both qualities and a final group who offered neither. We can find the

information

in Paragraph 6.

4. Eleven seconds a day in Holland and less than a minute a day in the United States. We

can find the

information in Paragraph 10.

5. The environmental factors such as better parenting and educational techniques. We

can find the

information in Paragraph 15, the last paragraph.Comprehension o f the 5ext

II.

1.B 2.C 3.A 4.B 5.B 6.C 7.B 8.C

Vocabulary

III. 1. supervising 2. fascinate3. guarantee 4. explore 5.sophisticated

6. identified 7. steer 8. beneficial 9. demonstrate 10. implication

IV 1. up 2. out 3. up 4. in 5. over 6. on 7. in5. 8. into 9. from 10. in

新视野大学英语(第二版)第四册Unit 8

Section A

Comprehension o f the text

I.

1. They hid behind their curtains and peered at the travelers cautiously.

2. It means that the small town was a stage where the different travelers who passed by were actors

revealing themselves to the audience-the villagers.

3. Probably there were different ways of greetings between them, so there might be some

misunderstandings or inappropriate responses.

4. Because she wanted to sing and dance so much that she thought the money was given as a

discouragement rather than an encouragement.

5. When she left her hometown of Eatonville for Jacksonville at thirteen, she experienced a huge

change and she was aware that she was black.

6. It means that she was not emotionally disturbed by the fact that she was a descendent of slaves. She

felt good about herself.

7. The writer compared herself to a brown bag of mixed items propped up against a wall with other

bags.

8. As is described, the contents revealed are nothing but common objects. It suggests that for ordinary

people, no matter whether they are white or black, they share something in common.

Vocabulary

III.

1. cautiously 2. bribing 3. disapprove(d) 4. tendency 5. permanent

6. depression 7. fragrance 8. guarantee 9. exclusively 10. generously

IV. .

1. peering at 2. be broken off 3. disapproved of 4. prop up 5. In the main

6. in company with 7. in that 8. pay the price 9. belong to 10. more or less

V

1. L 2.O3. H 4. D 5.1 6. E 7. N 8. K 9. G 10. B

Collocation

VI.

1 .plans 2. lifestyle 3. fact 4. policies 5. rules

6. concentration 7. world 8. voice 9. inheritance 10. content

Word Building

VII.

1. devalued 2. demobilized 3. deregulated 4. decentralized

5. destabilizing 6. depersonalized 7. de-emphasize 8. decoded

VIII.

1. retirees 2. interviewees 3. trainee 4. employees

5. escapees 6. addressee 7. devotee 8. divorcee

sentence structure

IX

1. I know she isn't really interested in window-shopping, but she doesn't mind waiting while I have a

look.

2. If people don't mind my not having a degree, I could give a few music lessons!

3. People don't mind paying a lot more for good software because they can see the benefits of using it.

4.1 don't mind if people perceive me as arrogant. You need certain degree of it to succeed.

5. We don't mind if it takes time for people to express their hopes, goals, fears, and needs in their

lives.

X.

1. No friends came to see her; she shut herself off, in the old familiar world of bedroom and drawing

room.

2. No cigarette end could give us any clue to or sign of anyone having ever been there.

3. No gas, no water and no electricity in the hospital! How could you expect the children to survive

this?

4. No other information is given about the book itself, although there is a brief biographical, note about

the writer.

5. No effort has been made to investigate the "disappearances" that have occurred over the past three

years.

Translation

XI.

1. 1 don't mind his staying out so late as long as he behaves himself.

2. 1 prefer his plan to others in that I think no plan is more practical than his.

3. They broke off business relations with that company as it suffered huge losses in the last fiscal year

and went bankrupt.

4. Now that you don't like him, why did you invite him to your birthday party in the first place?

5. Though we knew our chances to win were slim, we were more or less depressed when we lost in the

game.

6. Perhaps this was the price that has to be paid for progress-who knows?

XII.

1.我不在乎他们否定我的计划,但在内心深处我仍渴望得到他们的支持。

2.彼得宣布他不想与她们中任何一个女孩一起唱歌或跳舞,他没给任何理由。

3.我们尊敬的是那些奉献时间、友谊和才能的人,而不是那些一心只为自己谋求私利的人。

4.看来我生意遭到一了巨大损失,这是我不听父母忠告所付出的代价。

5.他们只是顺便又提到了这一点:在我去那个国家旅行时,会有一位翻译一直在我身边。

6.即使当父母强烈反对子女的行为方式时,他们拒绝接受的是那种行为方式而不是子女本人,

澄清这一点十分重要。

Cloze

XIII.

1.B 2.C 3.B 4. D 5.A 6. D 7.A 8.B 9.B 10.C

11.A 12.B 13.A 14.B 15.B 16.D 17.C 18.D 19.D 20.A

Structured Writing

XV

Small in size and light in weight, electronic dictionaries are convenient to use.They are easy to carry and

students can take them anywhere they go. Whenever they come across a new word in reading, they can

find out its meaning with the help of an electronic dictionary. An electronic dictionary usually contains

the information of several paper dictionaries.When students have one such dictionary, they actually

have more than one dictionary in hand.Meanwhile,electronic dictionaries are time-saving. They save

students from turning pages over to find the word.Instead, they only need to key in the word and the

meaning will appear on the screen. Considering all the above factors,no wonder more and more students

are using electronic dictionaries nowadays.

Section B

Readinq skills

I.

1. F. It is basically factual that the value of youth enabled people to make money.

2. F. It states a fact that what manufacturers claim has caused worries from doctors.

3. F. It is basically factual that a woman was doubtful about the effect of Imedeen before.

4. F. It is basically factual that a doctor questions the methods used in the study.

5. O. From "it is difficult to..." we know it is an opinion.

Comprehension of the text

II.

1.F 2.T 3.T 4.F 5.F 6.F 7.T 8.T

Vocabulary

III.

1. appeal 2. nutrition 3. denied 4. ingredients 5. stimulated

6. perceived 7. accelerate 8. controversy 9. extracts 10. ridiculous

Exercises on Web course only:

11. renew 12. multiply 13. utilized 14. demonstrate

IV

1. look into 2. poured out 3. beat back 4. When it comes to

5. have to do with 6. specialize in 7. was tied up with 8. symbolic of

9. do the trick 10. attached (great) importance to

新视野大学英语(第二版)第四册Unit 9

Section A

Vocabulary

III.

1. violated 2. delicate 3. contended 4. invasion 5.

illustration

6. attendance 7. concessions 8. unique 9. contemplated 10.

excess

11. banned 12. symbol 13. figured 14 assemble

IV

1. made some concessions 2. putting…before 3. be untroubled about

4. take it to court

5. came into service 6.in response to 7. rather than 8. focused

… on

9. it depends 10. In a flash

V.

1.L 2.J 3.E 4.I 5.D 6.N 7.B 8.O 9.A 10.G

Collocation .

1. calming 2. long-term 3. negative 4. destructive 5. marginal

6. harmful 7. disastrous 8. emotional 9. similar 10.

stimulating

Word Building

VII.

1. endurance 2. tolerance 3. defiance 4. attendance

5. acceptance 6. admittance 7. Reliance 8. Observance

VIII.

1. unanimous 2. unify 3. unicycle 4. unique

5. uniform 6. unite 7. union 8. unity

XI

1. 尽管他们做出了巨大的努力,但目前为止,博物馆每天的参观者仍然

还是很少。(for all; so far)

For all their great efforts, the museum's daily attendance

has so far still been very low.

2. 作为对政府检查员批评的回应,公司改变了一些做法,而不是放弃自

己的规定。(in response to; rather than)

In response to criticism by government inspectors, the

company changed some of its practices rather than gave up its

rules.

3. 警方提醒乘客,不要将钱和贵重物品放在提包里,以防被盗。

(warn against)

The police warned the passengers against putting money and

precious things in bags lest they should be stolen.

4. 调查应集中于父母和孩子们如何看待学校满足他们需求的那些办

法。(focus on)

Surveys ought to focus on how parents and children perceive

the ways in which the school satisfies their needs.

5. 一瞬间,特斯(Tess)由一个天真的女孩变成了一个成熟、受过

良好教育的女子。 (in a flash)

In a flash, Tess changed from an innocent girl to a mature

and well-educated woman.

6. 我能证实200列新火车正在制造中,第一批将在今年五月投入运营

。 (come into service)

I can confirm that 200 new trains are being manufactured and

that the first of those trains will come into service in May

this year.

XII

1. For all their explanations, the union still believed the company's dress and appearance code offends individual liberty and violates the labor law.

尽管他们做了解释,工会仍然认为公司的着装规定侵犯了个人自由,

也违反了劳工法。

2. Management has granted a 10% pay rise in response to

union pressure but refused to make any further concession.

在工会的压力下,资方已同意提高10%的薪酬,但是拒绝做出进一步

的让步。

3. We can reform our public health care system, which still

gives us, for all its flaws, the best health care in the world.

我们可以改革我们的公共卫生医疗体系,该体系虽然有缺陷,但仍为

我们提供了世界上最好的卫生保健服务。

4. If he has the money and no good excuse for not paying

what he owes you, the only solution may be to take him to

court.

如果他有钱,而且没有充足的理由不偿还欠你的钱,那将他告上法庭

也许是唯一的解决办法了。

5. Efforts to resolve the conflict in the Middle East, which

has caused more than 100 deaths since February of last year,

have so far been fruitless.

直到目前,解决中东冲突的各项努力都没有任何成效;中东冲突自去

年二月以来,已造成100多人死亡。

6. In this chapter we focus on how to arrange your gathered

material in the form of an argument.

在这一章,我们集中谈论如何以论点的形式安排你所收集到的材料。

新视野大学英语(第二版)第四册Unit 10

Section A

Vocabulary

III.

1. incorporate 2. triggered 3. perspectives 4. cultivating 5. confine 6. capacity 7. Controversial 8. consciousness 9. recommend10. application

11. sort 12. maturity 13. mechanisms 14 adaptive

IV

1. to 2. at 3. to 4. aside 5. to 6. on/onpon 7. through 8. of 9. of 10. in

V.

1.F 2.J 3.G 4.D 5.M 6.A 7.K 8.C 9.O 10.H

Collocation .

1. constant 2. enormous 3. blood 4. intense 5. work6. economic 7. international 8. personal 9. external

10.military

Word Building

VII.

1. multicolored 2. multicultural 3. multimedia 4. multinational

5.multidimensional 6. multimillion 7. multiparty 8.

multipurpose

VIII.

1. semi-permanent 2. semi-final 3. semi-automatic 4. semi-detached

5. semi-darkness 6. semi-official 7. semi-skilled 8. semi-retired

sentence structure

XI

1. 无论你的智商有多高,你的看法都受到个人经历的局限,因此要学会吸纳他人有用的观点。(no matter...)

No matter how high your IQ is, your view is limited by the

experience you have had and so you should learn to incorporate

the useful perspectives of others.

2. 这个游戏非常有趣,他们谁也没有注意到时间的流逝。(Use inverted order of "so... that...";take note of)

So interesting was the game that none of them took note of the passage of time.

3. 我一直在整理这些旧文件,看看哪些有用,哪些需要扔掉。(sort through)

I've been sorting through these old documents to see which are useful and which can be thrown away.

4. 随着年龄越来越大,你应该考虑未来的计划。(reflect on)

As you get older you should reflect on future plans.

5. 他在演出中的亮相简直是个轰动。(nothing less than)

His appearance in the show was nothing less than a sensation.

6. 他们每个月都从工资中留出一笔钱,用于孩子将来的教育。(set aside)

Every month they set aside a particular amount of money from their salary for the sake of their kid's education in the future.

XII

1. No matter how promising your situation, or how creative you can be, hard work is always essential to your success.

无论你的情况多么充满希望,无论你有多大的创造力,努力工作对你的成功总是必需的。

2. So strong are his first impressions that sometimes they defy revision even when many other people think differently.

他留下的最初印象如此之强烈,有时甚至当许多其他人不这么认为时,这些印象也无法改变。

3. Our aim is nothing less than to make China the best trained and educated nation in Asia.

我们的目的就是要使中国成为亚洲接受培训程度和教育程度最高的一个国家。

4. On international relations China would continue to develop relations with foreign countries in seeking a favorable international environment for its reform and to make contributions to world peace and development.

在国际关系方面,中国将继续发展与外国的关系,寻求一个对自己改革有利的国际环境,继续对世界和平和发展作出贡献。

5. I'll keep at it—whatever the challenges might be—and never give up until I achieve success.

不管会面临什么挑战,我都会坚持,永不放弃,直到取得成功。

6. The latest research seems to imply that without the software of emotional maturity and self-knowledge, the hardware of academic training alone is worth less and less.

最新的研究似乎表明,缺乏情感成熟和自我了解这一软件,纯学术培训这一硬件越来越没有价值。

XIII.

1 .B 2. A 3. C 4. A 5.D 6.C 7.B 8.A 9. D 10. C

11,A 12.D 13.C 14.B 15.C 16.D 17.D 18.C 19.A 20.B

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