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第二版新视野大学英语第二册课后习题答案
2012-11-30 14:47   审核人:

第二版新视野大学英语读写教程第二册答案

Section A:

Vocabulary

III.

1. charge 2. convention 3. efficient 4. obtain 5. competent 6. asessing 7. fulfill

8. conducting 9. consequently 10. significance

IV.

1. behind 2. at 3. in 4.out 5. to 6. to 7.in 8.with 9.but 10. for

V.

1. L 2. C 3.D 4. N 5. O 6.A 7. E 8.G 9.I 10. K

Word Building

VI.

1.commitment 2. attraction 3. appointment 4.impression 5. civilization 6.composition

7.confusion 8.congratulation 9.consideration 10.explanation 11. acquisition 12.depression

VII.

1.advisable 2.disirable 3.favorable 4. considerable 5. remarkable 6.preferable 7.drinkable 8.acceptable

Sentence Structure

VIII.

1.much less can he write English articles

2.much less can he manage a big company

3.much less could he carry it upstairs

4.much less have I spoken to him

5.much less to read a lot outside of it

IX.

1.Having meals at home can cost as little as two or three dollars, whereas eating out at a restaurant is always more expensive.

2.We thought she was rather proud,whereas in fact she was just very shy.

3.We have never done anything for them, whereas they have done so much for us.

4.Natalie prefers to stay for another week, whereas her husband prefers to leave immediately.

5.Some praise him highly,whereas others put him down severely.

Translation

X.

1.She wouldn't take a drink, much less could she stay for dinner.

2.He thought I was lying to him,whereas I was telling the truth.

3.How do you account for the fact that you have been late every day this week?

4.The increase in their profits is due partly to their new market strategy.

5.Such measures are likely to result in the improvement of work efficiency.

6.We have already poured a lot of time and energy into the project, so we have to carry on.

XI.

1.我认为他不会抢劫,更不用说暴力抢劫了.

2.男工平均工资每小时10美元,而女工才每小时7美元.

3.自然界的平衡一旦遭到破坏,就会带来很多不可预知的影响.

4.期终考试迫在眉睫,你最好多花点时间看书.

5.有趣的是,消费者发现越来越难以辨别某些品牌的原产国.其部分原因来自于全球化带来的影响,部分原因是由于产地的变化.

6.最近一次调查表明,妇女占总劳动力的40%.

Cloze

XII.

1.C 2.B 3.B 4.A 5.D 6.B 7.C 8.D 9.A 10.C 11.D 12.C 13.C 14.B 15.A

Section B

Comprehension of the Text

II.

1.D 2.A 3.C 4.D 5.A 6.C 7.B 8.B

Vocabulary

III.

1.utilize 2.reject 3.considerable 4.temporary 5.acceptable

6.recognition 7.alleviate 8.appreciate 9.furthermore 10.interact

IV.

1.interact with 2.gone through 3.deal with 4.recovered with 5.adjusting to

6.familiar to 7.In spite of 8.were tired of 9.prevented from 10.came to

unit2

Section A

Vocabulary

III.

1.promosing 2.amusing 3.lowered 4.persisted 5.rank 6.swear 7.unfair 8.presence 9.frowning 10. approximately

IV.

1.on 2.upon 3.on 4.in 5.by 6.to 7.in 8.of 9.on 10.out

V.

1.O 2.K 3.D 4.H 5.J 6.E 7.M 8.G 9.B 10.A Word Building

VI.

1.observe - observer:one who observes a person or an event

2.ski - skier: one who skis

3.visit - visitor:one who visits somebody or some place

4.learn - learner:one who learns something

5.report - reporter:one who reports on persons or events for a newspaper

6.drink - drinker:one who often drinks alcohol,esp. too much

VII.

1.tropical 2.musical 3.occasional 4.environmental 5.global 6.dangerous 7.natural 8.central Sentence structure

VIII.

1.They didn't lose heart despite of lots of frustration.

2.Despite the heavy rain,the boys played football in the yard all afternoon.

3.I will try my best despite the slim chances of success.

4.Despite a thorough search for the escaped prisoner in the mountain,no sign of him was found.

5.Despite their increased income,their life became poorer because of the rising prices.

IX.

1.nor do I think it necessary to do so

2.nor would they go to my sister's

3.nor do we have her telephone number

4.nor would I like to go to work immediately

5.nor would I Translation

X.

1.Despite the fact that she is the only child in her family, she is never babied by her parents.

2.Mike didn't come to the party last night, nor did he call me to give an explanation.

3.The person sitting next to him did publish some novels, but he is by no means a great writer.

4.He has no interest in football and is indifferent to who wins to loses.

5.The manager needs an assistant that he can count on to take care of problems in his absence.

6.This is the first time that he has made a speech in the presence of so large an audience. XI.

1.尽管那项计划一开始就证明是不切实际的,但是他们还是坚持要实施.

2.我无法说服他接受这项计划,也无法使他认识到这项计划的重要性.

3.你是怎么把那么多东西塞进这个小行李箱的?

4.别人对他怎么看,他全不在意.

5.我能否指出你犯了个小错误.

6.他母亲让他开车慢一点儿,但是他从不把她的话放在心上.

Cloze

XII.

1.B 2.D 3.B 4.C 5.B 6.C 7.A 8.A 9.B 10.D 11.B 12.D 13.B 14.C 15.D

Section B

Reading skills

I.

1.D 2.A 3.A 4.C 5.B

Comprehension of the Text

II. 1.D 2.B 3.C 4.D 5.A 6.C 7.A 8.B

Vocabulary

III.

1.sake 2.sacrificed 3.crack 4.pursuing 5.explosive 6.overcome 7.indicated 8.opponents 9.stripped 10.denied

IV.

1.Natasha made herself stand out in the group interview by acting as the leader in her group. 2.To be successful,you need a careful plan,good luck,help at the right time,and above all,hard work.

3.They are not doing this to gain recognition or money;they are doing this for the sake of society.

4.It was actually what he said rather than what he did that made me sad.

5.Once my mother sets her mind on something,it will be very hard to stop her.

6.Years of research had set the stage for their success in their field.

7.Local people are used to the phenomenon,so they are not surprised at all.

8.Today at this meeting we are going to focus on the question of air pollution.

9.He never expected that his best friend would charge him with cheating in the exam.

10.His parents were so strict with him in his studies that he had little time to participate in any activities outside of class.

unit3

Section A

Vocabulary

III.

1.mutual 2.illusion 3.canceled 4.overlooked 5.proceeded 6.resolve 7.prejudice

8.compromise 9.confirm 10.subsequently

IV.

1.having nothing to do with 2.taking care of 3.met with 4.on the surface

5.work out 6.incompatible with 7.ups and downs 8.learned of

9.indication of 10.all along

V.

1.M 2.L 3.F 4.D 5.H 6.O 7.A 8.C 9.I 10.K

Word Building

VI.

1.shopping 2.feeling 3.storage 4.cooking 5.ending 6.beginning 7.gathering 8.removal 9.arrival 10.passage 11.writing 12.marriage

VII.

1.relationship 2.citizenship 3.leadership 4.membership 5.boyhood 6.livelihood

7.brotherhood 8.authorship 9.adulthood 10.neighborhood 11.wisdom 12.ownership

Sentence structure

VIII.

1.It is never too bad for us to do something about the situation.

2.One is never too old to learn.

3.It is never too late for you to put a stop to this madness.

4.It is never too late for you to mend your ways.

5.His income was never too small to support his family.

IX.

1.My best friend,Anna,was here last night.

2.The company manager,Mr. Madison,gathered his staff and announced the decision.

3.You should have seen an ophthalmologist, an eye doctor.

4.He sent for the accountant,the most experienced person in accounting.

5."Leave it to me," said David,the man on night duty.

Translation

X.

1.You are never too experienced to learn new techniques.

2.There remains one problem,namely,who should be sent to head the research there.

3.Their relationship did meet with some difficulty at the beginning because of cultural differences.

4.Though he has had ups and downs,I believed all along that he would succeed someday.

5.I have some reservations about the truth of your claim.

6.She isn't particularly tall,but her slim figure gives an illusion of height.

XI.

1.应尽早告知年轻人:必须认真对待法律.

2.他现在面临一个重要决定,这个决定可能会影响他的整个前程.

3.即使在情况最糟糕的时候,你也必须保持镇静和信心.

4.人际关系的成功与否与双方相处是否融洽以及交流是否顺畅有很大关系.

5.他受到袭击,身受重伤,随后不治而亡.

6.他的举止至少在表面上像个正常人。

Cloze

XII.

1.A 2.C 3.B 4.B 5.C 6.B 7.C 8.D 9.C 10.D 11.B 12.A 13.D 14.C 15.D

Section B

Reading skills

I.

1. F 2.F 3.O 4.F 5.O 6.O 7.O 8.F 9.O 10.F

Comprehension of the Text

II.

1.C 2.A 3.D 4.C 5.B 6.B 7.A 8.D

Vocabulary

III.

1.arrange 2.criticism 3.innocent 4.criticizing 5.miserable

6.modest 7.compelled 8.somehow 9.anticipate 10.birlliant

IV.

1.on 2.from...to 3.off 4.with 5.away 6.about 7.over 8.On 9.Concerning 10.to

unit4

Section A:

Vocabulary

III.

1.forbid 2.identical 3.objectino 4.warmth 5.volunteers 6.overseas 7.declined

8.resisted 9.fancy 10.decrease/decline

IV.

1.without fail 2.volunteer for 3.as long as 4.right away 5.more than 6.am thankful...for 7.wrote back 8.forbidden from 9.vanished into 10.was free to

V.

1.O 2.J 3.G 4.H 5.L 6.A 7.E 8.B 9.C 10.N

Word Building

VI.

1.sadness 2.weakness 3.carelessness 4.illness

5.darkness 6.kindness 7.laziness 8.nervousness

VII.

1.noisy 2.wealthy 3.sunny 4.lucky

5.tasty 6.healthy 7.angry 8.icy

Sentence structure

VIII.

1.It is necessary for the manager to finish the whole task before leaving for a holiday.

2.It is a shame to take so much money for doing so little.

3.It is our responsibility to help people around us who are in trouble.

4.It is a surprise for us all to realize he has been cheating us.

5.It is pleasant fro the mother to see her daughter growing into a young lady.

IX.

1.as long as she got her father's agreement

2.As long as you set a goal for yourself

3.As long as she covers all the expenses herself

4.as long as she does her job well

5.As long as you never lose heart

Translation

X.

1.It is a great pleasure to meet friends from afar.

2.It doesn't matter whether the cat is black or white as long as it catches mice.

3.You must let me have the money back without fail by ten o'clock tomorrow morning.

4.Allow me to take part in this project: I am more than a little interested in it.

5.Everyone knows that he is special:He is free to come and go as he pleases.

6.Watching the unhappy look on her face,I felt as though she wishes to say something to me.

XI.

1.现如今,仅仅受过中等教育的人要想找份好工作越来越难了。

2.留得青山在,不怕没柴烧.

3.如果你对所购物品不满意,我们将很乐意退款.

4.我们对这块伟大的美丽的土地心怀感激之情,多年来它迎接了众多的人来这里的海滩游览.

5.让老师吃惊的是,没人自愿当班长.

6.那条狗忠心耿耿地继续在火车站等待主人,直到两年后死去.

Cloze

XII.

1.B 2.C 3.A 4.D 5.B 6.A 7.D 8.D 9.C 10.A 11.A 12.B 13.D 14.C 15.C

Section B:

Reading skills

I.

1.I am almost dead.

2.I am moving across the landscape.

3.I have achieved a modest amount of prosperity.

4.A friend convinces me to go on a blind date with a lady friend of his.

5.Roma gets a faraway look in her eyes.

Comprehension of the Text

II.

1.D 2.A 3.C 4.A 5.B 6.B 7.C 8.A

Vocabulary

III.

1.insurance 2.descended 3.precision 4.trace 5.stain 6.specify 7.accustomed

8.embraced 9.knelt 10.prosperity

IV.

1.The Rockefeller family achieved a hugh amount of prosperity in the oil business.

2.What all workers have in common is expecting better working conditions.

3.You don't know what his feelings will be,as they change from day to day.

4.This is generally a warm place,but we do get freezing weather on occasion.

5.Every year at Christmas drunk driving takes its toll on the joyful atmosphere.

6.Many people still cling to the hope that one day there will be place between the two countries.

7.He was so angry that he lost control.

8.The climate in Alaska is a far cry from that of Florida.

9.How on earth did she manage to pass the test?

10.His career as a teacher came to an end when he broke his leg,but he continued to write textbooks for students.

unit 5

Section A:

Vocabulary

III.

1.hardened 2.shelter 3.slim 4.weaken 5.Literally 6.noticeable 7.bunch 8.drag

9.grateful 10.hooked

IV.

1.leaned on 2.close at hand 3.die of 4.are starved of 5.coupled with 6.is directed...at 7.are...dressed in 8.grateful to 9.struggling to 10.a bunch of

V.

1.J 2.G 3.K 4.M 5.E 6.0 7.D 8.H 9.A 10.C

Word Building

VI.

1.Under the pleasant situation the property prices are just beginning to harden again.

2.In the past few years,these inside conflicts have weakened the government's position.

3.Every Sunday the father takes his child to libraries,museums,exhibitions or natural parks,as he believes that this helps to broaden the child's mind.

4.The days are lengthening as summer approaches.

5.As she was waiting for the result to come out,her excitement heightened.

6.The taking on of a new secretary lightened his workload considerably.

7.As he listened to his assistant reporting on the progress of the project,the manager's face darkened with anger.

8.Before night fell,the setting sun reddened the clouds.

VII.

1.arrival 2.expectations 3.understandable 4.Visitors 5.freedom 6.profitable 7.lucky 8.gathering

Sentence structure

VIII.

1.John went to the cinema with his brother,which surprised me.

2.The boy broke the window,for which he was criticized by the teacher.

3.He tore up my photo,by which I was angered very much.

4.It was raining hard,for which the team stayed indoors.

5.Connie changed her mind for the second time,which came as no surprise to us.

IX.

1.The teacher spoke so quietly that the students could hardly hear her.

2.The lecture was so boring that many listeners fell asleep.

3.The student has so many books that he does not know what to do with them.

4.The old man was so ill that his neighbors had to send for a doctor.

5.Her remarks are so funny that everyone laughs to tears.

Translation

X.

1.He spoke confidently,which impressed me most.

2.My father is so forgetful that he is always looking for his keys.

3.I'm very grateful to you for all the help you have given me.

4.The bad light,coupled with the wet ground,made driving very difficult.

5.Being starved of funds,they had to cancel their plan to start a business.

6.They always lean on us whenever they are in trouble.

XI.

1.飞机可能会晚点几个小时,要是那样,我们等着就没有什么意义了.

2.乔治常常说谎,因此当他说他考试得了高分时没人相信他.

3.初了附近位于十字路口的那家小工厂,一切都静悄悄的.

4.缺少睡眠的人会感到很难集中心思干活.

5.我安排人去机场接克拉克先生,然后带他去宾馆.

6.一到达山顶,游客们都高兴地大叫起来.

Cloze

XII.

1.C 2.C 3.B 4.A 5.B 6.D 7.A 8.D 9.C 10.B 11.D 12.A 13.A 14.D 15.C

Section B:

Reading skills

I.

1.giving them many material possessions

2.change continually and frequently

3.a sudden,uncontrollable feeling of regret

4.makes(the parent-child relationship)go wrong;taking(some of the happiness and mutual respect)away from (parents and their children)

5.start a new course of improved behavior

Comprehension of the Text

II.

1.A 2.C 3.D 4.D 5.A 6.B 7.B 8.C

Vocabulary

III.

1.assigned 2.compensate 3.prompt 4.manner 5.tendency

6.undermined 7.submit 8.inferred 9.fluctuates 10.responded

IV.

1.Jean wrote the speaker's address down in her notebook for fear that she might forget it.

2.Passengers must show their tickets on demand.

3.Officials are bound to investigate any possible corruption.

4.I took it for granted that you would come with us,so I bought you a ticket.

5.She has been selfish all the time,but she has promised to turn over a new leaf and become more loving toward others.

6.People in this region have pined for a peaceful life since the religiou war broke out three decades ago.

7.Poor health had made it difficult for Jim to hold down a job for more than a year.

8.Betty gets very depressed at times because of the pressure of her work.

9.The boys at my school used to make fun of me because I have a flat nose.

10.Jenny kept begging me for a new bicycle, and I finally gave in.

Unit 6

Vocabulary

III.

1.confessed 2. reserve 3. professional 4. impressive 5. latter

6. convey 7. qualify 8. refined 9. substitute 10. approval

IV.

1. Correct from: fill out; synonym: fill in

2. Correct from: feel comfortable with; synonym: feel comfortable about

3. Correct from: attach first importance to; translation: 非常重视;把……放在第一位

4. Correct from: turned down; synonym: rejected; refused

5. Correct from: came (up) to; definition: moved toward

6. Correct from: pressing me for; definition: try in a determined way to get something.

7. Correct from: free from/of; definition: not influenced by

8. Correct from: stuck with; translation: 不得不接待;被迫接待

9. Correct from: for better or worse; definition: whether the result is good or bad

10. Correct from: took charge of; synonym: took responsibility for

V.

1. M 2. K 3. L 4. F 5. I 6. C 7. H 8. O 9. E 10. B

Word Building

VI.

illegal impolite irregular impatient incapable

irresponsible inconsistent inappropriate incorrect indefinite

1. impatient 2. irresponsible 3. inconsistent 4. illegal 5. inappropriate

6. incapable 7. irregular 8. impolite 9. incorrect 10. indefinite

VII.

unnoticeable unreasonable ungrateful unlimited uncertain uncover

unrecognizable unfashionable undo untidy unfold unload

1. unreasonable 2. unfolded 3. uncertain 4. uncovered

5. ungrateful 6. unloading 7. unlimited 8.undid

Sentence structure

VIII.

1. so is air to man

2. so is the eagle of all birds

3. so is beer to the British

4. so is tea to the Chinese

5. so do the English love their beer

IX.

1. While waiting at the doctor’s, I read an entire short story.

2. After using the brush, put it in its proper place.

3. Before being in the army, he was an engineer.

4. I deliberately didn’t read the book before going to see the film.

5. When buying a new car, it is best to seek expert advice.

Translation

X.

1. (Just) as a machine needs regular running, so does the body need regular exercise.

2. He learned to play the piano while studying in the United States.

3. To our disappointment, he turned down our invitation.

4. The reality is that, for better or worse, the world has changed with advance of new technologies.

5. Most of the female students in my class appear to be ill at ease when (they are) required to answer questions.

6. The local government took charge of the security for the sports meeting.

XI.

1. 足球之于意大利人,就像乒乓球之于中国人。

2. 教师没急着要班里同学现在作决定,而是要他们仔细考虑后再下决心。

3. 我不知道那是什么饮料,我喝了那么多;结果那些小伙子只能送我回家,因为我有点醉了。

4. 在中国北方,三月份往往多风。

5. 尽管如此,政府已经同意总支出增加6.2%。

6. 信息被定义为通过陈述事实向大脑传达的知识,它可以有多种形式。

Cloze

XII.

1. C 2. A 3. B 4. B 5. D 6. B 7. A 8. C 9. D 10. C

11. C 12. B 13. A 14. A 15. A

Section B

Comprehension of the Text

II.

1. F 2. F 3. T 4. T 5. F 6. T 7. T 8. F

Vocabulary

III.

1. tidy 2. prevail 3. emotional 4. imitating 5. discourage

6. bargain 7. wander 8. superficial 9. concealed 10. accompanies

IV.

1. tuened out

2. is not really up to

3. went to great lengths

4. acting out

5. spoke of

6. Judging by

7. out of character

8. took sides

9. blow his cover

10. more or less

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