1. charge 2. convention 3. efficient 4. obtain 5. competent 6. asessing 7. fulfill
8. conducting 9. consequently 10. significance
1. behind 2. at 3. in 4.out 5. to 6. to 7.in 8.with 9.but 10. for
1. L 2. C 3.D 4. N 5. O 6.A 7. E 8.G 9.I 10. K
1.commitment 2. attraction 3. appointment 4.impression 5. civilization 6.composition
7.confusion 8.congratulation 9.consideration 10.explanation 11. acquisition 12.depression
1.advisable 2.disirable 3.favorable 4. considerable 5. remarkable 6.preferable 7.drinkable 8.acceptable
1.much less can he write English articles
2.much less can he manage a big company
3.much less could he carry it upstairs
4.much less have I spoken to him
5.much less to read a lot outside of it
1.Having meals at home can cost as little as two or three dollars, whereas eating out at a restaurant is always more expensive.
2.We thought she was rather proud,whereas in fact she was just very shy.
3.We have never done anything for them, whereas they have done so much for us.
4.Natalie prefers to stay for another week, whereas her husband prefers to leave immediately.
5.Some praise him highly,whereas others put him down severely.
1.She wouldn't take a drink, much less could she stay for dinner.
2.He thought I was lying to him,whereas I was telling the truth.
3.How do you account for the fact that you have been late every day this week?
4.The increase in their profits is due partly to their new market strategy.
5.Such measures are likely to result in the improvement of work efficiency.
6.We have already poured a lot of time and energy into the project, so we have to carry on.
1.C 2.B 3.B 4.A 5.D 6.B 7.C 8.D 9.A 10.C 11.D 12.C 13.C 14.B 15.A
Comprehension of the Text
1.D 2.A 3.C 4.D 5.A 6.C 7.B 8.B
1.utilize 2.reject 3.considerable 4.temporary 5.acceptable
6.recognition 7.alleviate 8.appreciate 9.furthermore 10.interact
1.interact with 2.gone through 3.deal with 4.recovered with 5.adjusting to
6.familiar to 7.In spite of 8.were tired of 9.prevented from 10.came to
1.promosing 2.amusing 3.lowered 4.persisted 5.rank 6.swear 7.unfair 8.presence 9.frowning 10. approximately
1.on 2.upon 3.on 4.in 5.by 6.to 7.in 8.of 9.on 10.out
1.O 2.K 3.D 4.H 5.J 6.E 7.M 8.G 9.B 10.A Word Building
1.observe - observer:one who observes a person or an event
2.ski - skier: one who skis
3.visit - visitor:one who visits somebody or some place
4.learn - learner:one who learns something
5.report - reporter:one who reports on persons or events for a newspaper
6.drink - drinker:one who often drinks alcohol,esp. too much
1.tropical 2.musical 3.occasional 4.environmental 5.global 6.dangerous 7.natural 8.central Sentence structure
1.They didn't lose heart despite of lots of frustration.
2.Despite the heavy rain,the boys played football in the yard all afternoon.
3.I will try my best despite the slim chances of success.
4.Despite a thorough search for the escaped prisoner in the mountain,no sign of him was found.
5.Despite their increased income,their life became poorer because of the rising prices.
1.nor do I think it necessary to do so
2.nor would they go to my sister's
3.nor do we have her telephone number
4.nor would I like to go to work immediately
5.nor would I Translation
1.Despite the fact that she is the only child in her family, she is never babied by her parents.
2.Mike didn't come to the party last night, nor did he call me to give an explanation.
3.The person sitting next to him did publish some novels, but he is by no means a great writer.
4.He has no interest in football and is indifferent to who wins to loses.
5.The manager needs an assistant that he can count on to take care of problems in his absence.
6.This is the first time that he has made a speech in the presence of so large an audience. XI.
1.B 2.D 3.B 4.C 5.B 6.C 7.A 8.A 9.B 10.D 11.B 12.D 13.B 14.C 15.D
1.D 2.A 3.A 4.C 5.B
Comprehension of the Text
II. 1.D 2.B 3.C 4.D 5.A 6.C 7.A 8.B
1.sake 2.sacrificed 3.crack 4.pursuing 5.explosive 6.overcome 7.indicated 8.opponents 9.stripped 10.denied
1.Natasha made herself stand out in the group interview by acting as the leader in her group. 2.To be successful,you need a careful plan,good luck,help at the right time,and above all,hard work.
3.They are not doing this to gain recognition or money;they are doing this for the sake of society.
4.It was actually what he said rather than what he did that made me sad.
5.Once my mother sets her mind on something,it will be very hard to stop her.
6.Years of research had set the stage for their success in their field.
7.Local people are used to the phenomenon,so they are not surprised at all.
8.Today at this meeting we are going to focus on the question of air pollution.
9.He never expected that his best friend would charge him with cheating in the exam.
10.His parents were so strict with him in his studies that he had little time to participate in any activities outside of class.
1.mutual 2.illusion 3.canceled 4.overlooked 5.proceeded 6.resolve 7.prejudice
8.compromise 9.confirm 10.subsequently
1.having nothing to do with 2.taking care of 3.met with 4.on the surface
5.work out 6.incompatible with 7.ups and downs 8.learned of
9.indication of 10.all along
1.M 2.L 3.F 4.D 5.H 6.O 7.A 8.C 9.I 10.K
1.shopping 2.feeling 3.storage 4.cooking 5.ending 6.beginning 7.gathering 8.removal 9.arrival 10.passage 11.writing 12.marriage
1.relationship 2.citizenship 3.leadership 4.membership 5.boyhood 6.livelihood
7.brotherhood 8.authorship 9.adulthood 10.neighborhood 11.wisdom 12.ownership
1.It is never too bad for us to do something about the situation.
2.One is never too old to learn.
3.It is never too late for you to put a stop to this madness.
4.It is never too late for you to mend your ways.
5.His income was never too small to support his family.
1.My best friend,Anna,was here last night.
2.The company manager,Mr. Madison,gathered his staff and announced the decision.
3.You should have seen an ophthalmologist, an eye doctor.
4.He sent for the accountant,the most experienced person in accounting.
5."Leave it to me," said David,the man on night duty.
1.You are never too experienced to learn new techniques.
2.There remains one problem,namely,who should be sent to head the research there.
3.Their relationship did meet with some difficulty at the beginning because of cultural differences.
4.Though he has had ups and downs,I believed all along that he would succeed someday.
5.I have some reservations about the truth of your claim.
6.She isn't particularly tall,but her slim figure gives an illusion of height.
1.A 2.C 3.B 4.B 5.C 6.B 7.C 8.D 9.C 10.D 11.B 12.A 13.D 14.C 15.D
1. F 2.F 3.O 4.F 5.O 6.O 7.O 8.F 9.O 10.F
Comprehension of the Text
1.C 2.A 3.D 4.C 5.B 6.B 7.A 8.D
1.arrange 2.criticism 3.innocent 4.criticizing 5.miserable
6.modest 7.compelled 8.somehow 9.anticipate 10.birlliant
1.on 2.from...to 3.off 4.with 5.away 6.about 7.over 8.On 9.Concerning 10.to
1.forbid 2.identical 3.objectino 4.warmth 5.volunteers 6.overseas 7.declined
8.resisted 9.fancy 10.decrease/decline
1.without fail 2.volunteer for 3.as long as 4.right away 5.more than 6.am thankful...for 7.wrote back 8.forbidden from 9.vanished into 10.was free to
1.O 2.J 3.G 4.H 5.L 6.A 7.E 8.B 9.C 10.N
1.sadness 2.weakness 3.carelessness 4.illness
5.darkness 6.kindness 7.laziness 8.nervousness
1.noisy 2.wealthy 3.sunny 4.lucky
5.tasty 6.healthy 7.angry 8.icy
1.It is necessary for the manager to finish the whole task before leaving for a holiday.
2.It is a shame to take so much money for doing so little.
3.It is our responsibility to help people around us who are in trouble.
4.It is a surprise for us all to realize he has been cheating us.
5.It is pleasant fro the mother to see her daughter growing into a young lady.
1.as long as she got her father's agreement
2.As long as you set a goal for yourself
3.As long as she covers all the expenses herself
4.as long as she does her job well
5.As long as you never lose heart
1.It is a great pleasure to meet friends from afar.
2.It doesn't matter whether the cat is black or white as long as it catches mice.
3.You must let me have the money back without fail by ten o'clock tomorrow morning.
4.Allow me to take part in this project: I am more than a little interested in it.
5.Everyone knows that he is special:He is free to come and go as he pleases.
6.Watching the unhappy look on her face,I felt as though she wishes to say something to me.
1.B 2.C 3.A 4.D 5.B 6.A 7.D 8.D 9.C 10.A 11.A 12.B 13.D 14.C 15.C
1.I am almost dead.
2.I am moving across the landscape.
3.I have achieved a modest amount of prosperity.
4.A friend convinces me to go on a blind date with a lady friend of his.
5.Roma gets a faraway look in her eyes.
Comprehension of the Text
1.D 2.A 3.C 4.A 5.B 6.B 7.C 8.A
1.insurance 2.descended 3.precision 4.trace 5.stain 6.specify 7.accustomed
8.embraced 9.knelt 10.prosperity
1.The Rockefeller family achieved a hugh amount of prosperity in the oil business.
2.What all workers have in common is expecting better working conditions.
3.You don't know what his feelings will be,as they change from day to day.
4.This is generally a warm place,but we do get freezing weather on occasion.
5.Every year at Christmas drunk driving takes its toll on the joyful atmosphere.
6.Many people still cling to the hope that one day there will be place between the two countries.
7.He was so angry that he lost control.
8.The climate in Alaska is a far cry from that of Florida.
9.How on earth did she manage to pass the test?
10.His career as a teacher came to an end when he broke his leg,but he continued to write textbooks for students.
1.hardened 2.shelter 3.slim 4.weaken 5.Literally 6.noticeable 7.bunch 8.drag
1.leaned on 2.close at hand 3.die of 4.are starved of 5.coupled with 6.is directed...at 7.are...dressed in 8.grateful to 9.struggling to 10.a bunch of
1.J 2.G 3.K 4.M 5.E 6.0 7.D 8.H 9.A 10.C
1.Under the pleasant situation the property prices are just beginning to harden again.
2.In the past few years,these inside conflicts have weakened the government's position.
3.Every Sunday the father takes his child to libraries,museums,exhibitions or natural parks,as he believes that this helps to broaden the child's mind.
4.The days are lengthening as summer approaches.
5.As she was waiting for the result to come out,her excitement heightened.
6.The taking on of a new secretary lightened his workload considerably.
7.As he listened to his assistant reporting on the progress of the project,the manager's face darkened with anger.
8.Before night fell,the setting sun reddened the clouds.
1.arrival 2.expectations 3.understandable 4.Visitors 5.freedom 6.profitable 7.lucky 8.gathering
1.John went to the cinema with his brother,which surprised me.
2.The boy broke the window,for which he was criticized by the teacher.
3.He tore up my photo,by which I was angered very much.
4.It was raining hard,for which the team stayed indoors.
5.Connie changed her mind for the second time,which came as no surprise to us.
1.The teacher spoke so quietly that the students could hardly hear her.
2.The lecture was so boring that many listeners fell asleep.
3.The student has so many books that he does not know what to do with them.
4.The old man was so ill that his neighbors had to send for a doctor.
5.Her remarks are so funny that everyone laughs to tears.
1.He spoke confidently,which impressed me most.
2.My father is so forgetful that he is always looking for his keys.
3.I'm very grateful to you for all the help you have given me.
4.The bad light,coupled with the wet ground,made driving very difficult.
5.Being starved of funds,they had to cancel their plan to start a business.
6.They always lean on us whenever they are in trouble.
1.C 2.C 3.B 4.A 5.B 6.D 7.A 8.D 9.C 10.B 11.D 12.A 13.A 14.D 15.C
1.giving them many material possessions
2.change continually and frequently
3.a sudden,uncontrollable feeling of regret
4.makes(the parent-child relationship)go wrong;taking(some of the happiness and mutual respect)away from (parents and their children)
5.start a new course of improved behavior
Comprehension of the Text
1.A 2.C 3.D 4.D 5.A 6.B 7.B 8.C
1.assigned 2.compensate 3.prompt 4.manner 5.tendency
6.undermined 7.submit 8.inferred 9.fluctuates 10.responded
1.Jean wrote the speaker's address down in her notebook for fear that she might forget it.
2.Passengers must show their tickets on demand.
3.Officials are bound to investigate any possible corruption.
4.I took it for granted that you would come with us,so I bought you a ticket.
5.She has been selfish all the time,but she has promised to turn over a new leaf and become more loving toward others.
6.People in this region have pined for a peaceful life since the religiou war broke out three decades ago.
7.Poor health had made it difficult for Jim to hold down a job for more than a year.
8.Betty gets very depressed at times because of the pressure of her work.
9.The boys at my school used to make fun of me because I have a flat nose.
10.Jenny kept begging me for a new bicycle, and I finally gave in.
1.confessed 2. reserve 3. professional 4. impressive 5. latter
6. convey 7. qualify 8. refined 9. substitute 10. approval
1. Correct from: fill out; synonym: fill in
2. Correct from: feel comfortable with; synonym: feel comfortable about
3. Correct from: attach first importance to; translation: 非常重视；把……放在第一位
4. Correct from: turned down; synonym: rejected; refused
5. Correct from: came (up) to; definition: moved toward
6. Correct from: pressing me for; definition: try in a determined way to get something.
7. Correct from: free from/of; definition: not influenced by
8. Correct from: stuck with; translation: 不得不接待；被迫接待
9. Correct from: for better or worse; definition: whether the result is good or bad
10. Correct from: took charge of; synonym: took responsibility for
1. M 2. K 3. L 4. F 5. I 6. C 7. H 8. O 9. E 10. B
illegal impolite irregular impatient incapable
irresponsible inconsistent inappropriate incorrect indefinite
1. impatient 2. irresponsible 3. inconsistent 4. illegal 5. inappropriate
6. incapable 7. irregular 8. impolite 9. incorrect 10. indefinite
unnoticeable unreasonable ungrateful unlimited uncertain uncover
unrecognizable unfashionable undo untidy unfold unload
1. unreasonable 2. unfolded 3. uncertain 4. uncovered
5. ungrateful 6. unloading 7. unlimited 8.undid
1. so is air to man
2. so is the eagle of all birds
3. so is beer to the British
4. so is tea to the Chinese
5. so do the English love their beer
1. While waiting at the doctor’s, I read an entire short story.
2. After using the brush, put it in its proper place.
3. Before being in the army, he was an engineer.
4. I deliberately didn’t read the book before going to see the film.
5. When buying a new car, it is best to seek expert advice.
1. (Just) as a machine needs regular running, so does the body need regular exercise.
2. He learned to play the piano while studying in the United States.
3. To our disappointment, he turned down our invitation.
4. The reality is that, for better or worse, the world has changed with advance of new technologies.
5. Most of the female students in my class appear to be ill at ease when (they are) required to answer questions.
6. The local government took charge of the security for the sports meeting.
1. C 2. A 3. B 4. B 5. D 6. B 7. A 8. C 9. D 10. C
11. C 12. B 13. A 14. A 15. A
Comprehension of the Text
1. F 2. F 3. T 4. T 5. F 6. T 7. T 8. F
1. tidy 2. prevail 3. emotional 4. imitating 5. discourage
6. bargain 7. wander 8. superficial 9. concealed 10. accompanies
1. tuened out
2. is not really up to
3. went to great lengths
4. acting out
5. spoke of
6. Judging by
7. out of character
8. took sides
9. blow his cover
10. more or less